Tuesday, 16 April 2024

Safe migration

Safe Migration

The movement of a person or a group of persons, either across an international border, or within a State is called migration. It is a population movement, encompassing any kind of movement of people, whatever its length, composition, and causes; it includes migration of refugees, displaced persons, economic migrants, and persons moving for other purposes, including family reunification. 

Other; the second type is when people are made to leave a certain place where such a situation that they don’t have any other option but move from that place. Forces migration is a migratory movement in which people are forced to leave the host country because of the various push factors including threats to life and livelihood, whether arising from natural or man-made causes (e.g. movements of refugees and internally displaced persons as well as people displaced by natural or environmental disasters, chemical or nuclear disasters, famine, or development projects). 

Voluntary migration is willful migration, where people move from one place to another in search of a better home, employment opportunities, and a secure future. Voluntary migration takes place analyzing both the pull factor of one and pushes the factor of the host place. 

Migrant workers face risk through policies in both sending and receiving countries. In many countries, recruiters are subject to little or no regulation, so they continue to charge migrants high fees, sometimes repayable at high-interest rates, simply to connect them with available jobs.  

Tied visas that give employers undue control over their workers’ living conditions, or that prevent migrants from switching jobs without permission, can create an environment of dependence that can be readily exploited by unscrupulous employers. 

It is vital governments provide meaningful protection for people fleeing repressive regimes, violence, and conflict. Research indicates these situations increase migrants’ vulnerability to modern slavery. In today’s global economy, the movement of people is inevitable, and we have to find ways to achieve migration safely and humanely.